Pronator Teres

Author: Dr Peter de Souza
Last modified: 13 December 2020

Pronator Teres

The structure indicated is the pronator teres muscle.

The pronator teres is one of four muscles in the superficial layer of muscles in the anterior compartment of the forearm. The anterior compartment of the forearm consists of three layers of muscles:

  • Superficial layer
  • Intermediate layer
  • Deep layer

Four muscles are located in the superficial layer (from lateral to medial):

  1. Flexor carpi ulnaris
  2. Palmaris longus
  3. Flexor carpi radialis
  4. Pronator teres

All four muscles of the superficial layer have a common origin on the medial epicondyle of the humerus.

Origin:  humeral head – medial epicondyle of humerus; ulnar head – coronoid process

Insertion: middle of lateral radial surface

Action: pronation, weak flexor of elbow

Innervation: median nerve

Learn more about the anatomy of the muscles of the forearm in this tutorial.