Author: Dr Peter de Souza
Last modified: 7 November 2022

The rectus femoris is one of the quadriceps muscles of the anterior compartment of the thigh.

The quadriceps muscles are made up of the rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, and vastus intermedius. The other muscles in the anterior compartment is the sartorius, and within the upper part of the anterior compartment are the distal ends of the ilacus and psoas major muscles.


  • Straight head from anterior inferior iliac spine
  • Reflected head from groove just above acetabulum


  •  Base of Patella (then joins patella ligament to insert on the tibial tuberosity)


  • Extends the knee


  • Muscular branches of femoral nerve: L2, L3, L4

Blood Supply

  • Lateral circumflex femoral artery