Region: Knee

Popliteal Fossa

Learn about the anatomy of the popliteal fossa using this interactive 3D module and narrated video tutorial.

Popliteal Fossa 3D Anatomy

Patella (Knee cap)

Patella (Knee cap) The structure indicated is the patella bone. The patella (knee cap) is a triangular shaped bone that is encapsulated within the quadriceps femoris tendon and is the largest sesamoid bone in the human body. It is located anteriorly to the knee joint and attaches via its inferiorly directed apex to the proximal tibia by the patellar ligament. The base of the patella provides a broad surface for the attachment of the quadriceps femoris muscles. The patella functions to transmit the forces from the powerful thigh muscles to the leg and is particular important in knee extension. Learn …

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Patella (knee cap)

Patellar ligament

Patellar Ligament The structure indicated is the patellar ligament. The quadriceps muscles of the thigh attach to and encapsulate the patella (the kneecap), via the quadriceps tendon. The patella ligament is essentially the continuation of the quadriceps tendon inferior to the patella, attaching it to the tibial tuberosity. Learn more about the muscles of the thigh in this tutorial.

Patellar ligament

Lower Limb Veins

Learn all about the anatomy of the veins of the lower limb in this tutorial.

Lower Limb Veins Overview

Prepatellar Bursa

Prepatellar Bursa The structure indicated is the prepatellar bursa of the knee joint. The synovial membrane of the knee joint forms bursae to protect the structures of the knee joint and to provide low friction surfaces to allow tendons and structures of the knee joint to glide smoothly over one another. In addition there are several other bursae which do not communicate with the joint cavity, located in and around the knee joint. The prepatellar bursa is found anteriorly, and as the name suggests, in front of the patella. There are several other bursae located laterally and medially. Anterior bursae: Suprapatellar …

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Prepatellar Bursa