Superficial Temporal Artery
The structure indicated is the superficial temporal artery
The superficial temporal artery is a branch of the external carotid
artery. The external carotid artery gives rise to 8 branches
- Superior thyroid artery
- Ascending pharyngeal artery
- Lingual artery
- Facial artery
- Occipital artery
- Posterior auricular artery
- Maxillary artery
- Superficial temporal artery
The maxillary artery
and the superficial temporal artery
are terminal branches
of the external carotid artery, with the latter being the smaller of the two branches.
The superficial temporal artery is often biopsied when giant-cell arteritis
is suspected. The artery can be easily palpated just anterior to the tragus – feel it yourself!
Learn more about the branches of the external carotid artery
in this anatomy tutorial.