Splenic Artery

Splenic Artery The structure indicated is the splenic artery. The splenic artery is one of three branches of the celiac trunk, which is the first anterior branch that arises from the abdominal aorta. The abdominal aorta consists of anterior, posterior, and lateral branches. There are three anterior branches which supply the foregut, midgut and hindgut structures these are as follows: Celiac trunk – supplies foregut Superior mesenteric artery – supplies midgut Inferior mesenteric artery – supplies hindgut The celiac trunk arises from the abdominal aorta at the level of the upper part of the first lumbar vertebra. It gives rises …

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splenic artery

Minor Calyx of Kidney

Minor Calyx of Kidney The structure indicated is the minor calyx of the kidney. The kidney consists of an outer cortex and an inner medulla. The cortex projects into the kidney dividing the medulla into triangular shaped renal pyramids, whose apices are surrounded by a minor calyx (calices = plural). The minor calices join to form a major calyx, which in turn unite to form the renal pelvis which exit the kidney to form the ureters. The calyx system of the kidney serves to drain urine. The smooth muscle walls of the calices are capable of peristalsis, which helps to …

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Minor Calyx