Thalamus

Thalamus The structure indicated is the thalamus. The thalamus is the largest of the structures which comprises the diencephalon. The diencephalon consists of: Epithalamus Thalamus Subthalamus Hypothalamus The thalamus essentially acts as a sort of “relay” for the brain, consisting of several nuclei with reciprocal connections to and from the cerebral cortex. It also forms important connections with the hippocampus via the mammillo-thalamic tract, and connections with the spinal cord via the spinothalamic tract which transmits peripheral information regarding pain, temperature and crude touch. The thalamus is therefore important in several functions including, sleep, wakefulness and arousal, consciousness, and sensory/motor …

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