Temporomandibular Joint

Temporomandibular Joint The structure indicated is the temporomandibular joint. The temporomandibular joint is commonly referred to as the TMJ and is a synovial joint formed between the condyles of the mandible and the articular fossa and articular tubercle of the temporal bones of the skull. The articular surfaces of the temporomandibular joint are covered with fibrocartilage, and the joint is divided into two parts by the presence of a fibrous articular disc: The inferior part of the TMJ allows depression and elevation. The superior part of the TMJ allows protrusion and retraction. Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJD) is an umbrella term which …

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