gluteal region

Quadratus Femoris

Quadratus Femoris The structure indicated is the quadratus femoris muscle. The quadratus femoris muscle is one of the muscles of the gluteal region. The muscles in the gluteal region are divided into a superficial and deep group. There are four muscles of the superficial group: Gluteus maximus Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Tensor fasciae latae There are 5 muscles in the deep group: Gemellus superior Gemellus inferior Quadratus femoris Piriformis Obturator internus The deep muscles of the thigh are much smaller than the superficial group of muscles and generally serve to laterally rotate the femur at the hip joint. The quadratus …

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quadratus femoris

Gemellus Superior

Gemellus Superior The structure indicated is the gemellus superior. The gemellus superior muscle is one of the muscles of the gluteal region. The muscles in the gluteal region are divided into a superficial and deep group. There are four muscles of the superficial group: Gluteus maximus Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Tensor fasciae latae There are 5 muscles in the deep group: Gemellus superior Gemellus inferior Quadratus femoris Piriformis Obturator internus The word gemellus comes from the Latin “gemelli” which means “twins”. There are therefore two gemelli muscles, the gemellus superior, and the gemellus inferior. The gemelli muscles are located either …

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superior gemellus

Gluteus Maximus

Gluteus Maximus The structure indicated is the gluteus maximus. The gluteus maximus muscle is one of the muscles of the gluteal region. The muscles in the gluteal region are divided into a superficial and deep group. There are four muscles of the superficial group: Gluteus maximus Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Tensor fasciae latae There are 5 muscles in the deep group: Gemellus superior Gemellus inferior Quadratus femoris Piriformis Obturator internus The gluteus maximus muscle is the largest of the gluteal muscles, and is also the largest muscle in the human body. Origin: Posterior surface of ilium, posterior superior iliac crest, …

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gluteus maximus

Gluteus Minimus

Gluteus Minimus The structure indicated is the gluteus minimus. The gluteus minimus muscle is one of the muscles of the gluteal region. The muscles in the gluteal region are divided into a superficial and deep group. There are four muscles of the superficial group: Gluteus maximus Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Tensor fasciae latae There are 5 muscles in the deep group: Gemellus superior Gemellus inferior Quadratus femoris Piriformis Obturator internus Origin: Dorsal ilium between inferior and anterior gluteal lines and edge of greater sciatic notch. Insertion: lateral and superior surfaces of greater trochanter Action: Hip abduction, hip medial rotation (anterior …

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gluteus minimus

Piriformis

Piriformis The structure indicated is the piriformis muscle. The piriformis muscle is one of the muscles of the gluteal region. The muscles in the gluteal region are divided into a superficial and deep group. There are four muscles of the superficial group: Gluteus maximus Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Tensor fasciae latae There are 5 muscles in the deep group: Gemellus superior Gemellus inferior Quadratus femoris Piriformis Obturator internus The deep muscles of the gluteal region generally serve to laterally rotate the femur. The piriformis muscle passes through the greater sciatic foramen and divides it into two spaces: Greater sciatic foramen …

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Piriformis

Gluteus Medius

Gluteus Medius The structure indicated is the gluteus medius muscle. The gluteus medius muscle is one of the muscles of the gluteal region. The muscles in the gluteal region are divided into a superficial and deep group. There are four muscles of the superficial group: Gluteus maximus Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Tensor fasciae latae There are 5 muscles in the deep group: Gemellus superior Gemellus inferior Quadratus femoris Piriformis Obturator internus Origin: Dorsal ilium inferior to iliac crest Insertion: Lateral and superior surfaces of greater trochanter Action: Hip abduction. Hip medial rotation (medial fibres). Hip lateral rotation (posterior fibres) Innervation: …

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gluteus medius

Gemellus Inferior

Gemellus Inferior The structure indicated is the gemellus inferior muscle. The gemellus inferior muscle is one of the muscles of the gluteal region. The muscles in the gluteal region are divided into a superficial and deep group. There are four muscles of the superficial group: Gluteus maximus Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Tensor fasciae latae There are 5 muscles in the deep group: Gemellus superior Gemellus inferior Quadratus femoris Piriformis Obturator internus The word gemellus comes from the Latin “gemelli” which means “twins”. There are therefore two gemelli muscles, the gemellus superior, and the gemellus inferior. The gemelli muscles are located …

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gemellus inferior

Tensor Fasciae Latae Muscle

Tensor Fasciae Latae Muscle The structure indicated is the tensor fasciae latae muscle. The tensor fasciae latae muscle is one of the muscles of the gluteal region. The muscles in the gluteal region are divided into a superficial and deep group. There are four muscles of the superficial group: Gluteus maximus Gluteus medius Gluteus minimus Tensor fasciae latae There are 5 muscles in the deep group: Gemellus superior Gemellus inferior Quadratus femoris Piriformis Obturator internus The tensor fasciae latae muscle is the most anteriorly situated muscle of the gluteal region and is continuous with the iliotibial tract (iliotibial band), which …

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tensor fasciae latae