femur

Lateral Femoral Condyle

Lateral Femoral Condyle The structure indicated is the lateral femoral condyle. The distal end of the femur forms two rounded condyles which articulate with the tibia below and the patella anteriorly – the medial condyle and the lateral condyle. The linea aspera is a roughened crest of bone on the posterior aspect of the femur. Distally the linea aspera forms two ridges known as the lateral supracondylar line and the medial supracondylar line which as the name suggests, terminate just superiorly to the lateral and medial femoral condyles respectively. At the end of the medial supracondylar line is a tubercle …

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Lateral femoral condyle

Neck of Femur

Neck of Femur The structure indicated is the neck of the femur. The proximal femur consists of the following key features: Head of femur: articulates with acetabulum. Facet for attachment of ligament of head. Neck of femur: connects head to shaft Greater trochanter: site of attachment for several muscles, including gluteus minimus and medius Lesser trochanter: iliacus and psoas insert Trochanteric fossa Intertrochanteric line Intertrochanteric crest Quadrate tubercle Fractures of the neck of femur are very common injuries which mainly occur in elderly females with osteoporotic bones. The classical clinical finding is that of an externally rotated shortened leg. A …

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Neck of femur

Lesser Trochanter

Lesser Trochanter The structure indicated is the lesser trochanter of the femur. The lesser trochanter is a small protuberance of bone that projects from the posterior aspect of the femur, inferomedially at the base of the femoral neck. Two muscles insert onto the lesser trochanter: Psoas major Iliacus Learn more about the anatomy of the femur in this anatomy tutorial.

lesser trochanter of femur

Adductor Tubercle

Adductor Tubercle The structure indicated is the adductor tubercle of the distal femur. The adductor tubercle is found distally on the femur and is formed from the termination of the medial supracondylar line. The adductor tubercle serves as the point of attachment for the adductor magnus muscle. Learn more about the anatomy of the femur in this tutorial.

adductor tubercle

Medial Femoral Condyle

Medial Femoral Condyle The structure indicated is the medial condyle of the femur. The distal end of the femur forms two rounded condyles which articulate with the tibia below and the patella anteriorly – the medial condyle and the lateral condyle. The linea aspera is a roughened crest of bone on the posterior aspect of the femur. Distally the linea aspera forms two ridges known as the lateral supracondylar line and the medial supracondylar line which as the name suggests, terminate just superiorly to the lateral and medial femoral condyles respectively. At the end of the medial supracondylar line is …

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femur - medial condyle