Bones

Pisiform Bone

Pisiform Bone The structure indicated is the pisiform bone of the hand. There are three groups of bones in the hand: Carpal bones (8 in total) Metacarpal bones Phalanges The carpal bones are separated into two rows: Proximal row Distal row The pisiform bone is one of four bones in the proximal row of carpals (scaphoid, lunate, triquetral, pisiform). The pisiform bone is a tiny sesamoid bone located in the tendon of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle. It articulates with the palmar surface of the triquetral bone. Learn more about the anatomy of the bones of the hand in this …

Pisiform Bone Read More »

Pisiform bone

First Metatarsal

First Metatarsal The structure indicated is the first metatarsal bone of the foot. The foot contains three groups of bones: Tarsals Metatarsals Phalanges There are 7 tarsal bones, and 5 metatarsals. The metatarsals are numbered from 1 to 5 from medial to lateral, with the first metatarsal belonging to that of the great toe (hallux) and the 5th metatarsal belonging to that of the little toe. The metatarsals consist of the following parts: Base Shaft Head Learn more about the anatomy of the bones of the foot in this anatomy tutorial.
first metatarsal

Talus

Talus The structure indicated is the talus bone of the foot. The foot contains three groups of bones: Tarsals Metatarsals Phalanges The talus is one of seven tarsal bones. There are three groups of tarsal bones: Proximal group Intermediate group Distal group There are two bones in the proximal group of tarsal bones: the talus and the calcaneus. The calcaneus is the largest tarsal bone and forms the heel through its posterior projection. The talus articulates with the medial malleolus of the tibia and the lateral malleolus of the fibula to form the ankle joint. In addition, it articulates with …

Talus Read More »

Talus

First Metacarpal

First Metacarpal The structure indicated is the first metacarpal of the hand. There are three groups of bones in the hand: Carpal bones (8 in total) Metacarpal bones Phalanges The carpal bones are separated into two rows: Proximal row Distal row There are 5 metacarpal bones numbered 1 to 5 and are located between the carpal bones and the phalanges. The first metacarpal bone is associated with the thumb, the 5th metacarpal bone is associated with the little finger. The joints between the carpals and the metacarpals are known as carpometacarpal joints. The joints between the metacarpals and the proximal …

First Metacarpal Read More »

first metacarpal

Cuboid Bone

Cuboid Bone The structure indicated is the cuboid bone of the foot. The foot contains three groups of bones: Tarsals Metatarsals Phalanges The cuboid bone is one of seven tarsal bones. There are three groups of tarsal bones: Proximal group Intermediate group Distal group The cuboid bone belongs to the distal group of tarsal bones. There are four bones in the distal group: Lateral cuneiform Intermediate cuneiform Medial cuneiform Cuboid The cuboid bone is the most lateral bone in the distal row of tarsal bones, it is named on the basis of its shape which roughly resembles a cube. The …

Cuboid Bone Read More »

cuboid bone

Medial Cuneiform Bone

Medial Cuneiform Bone The structure indicated is the medial cuneiform bone of the foot. The foot contains three groups of bones: Tarsals Metatarsals Phalanges The medial cuneiform bone is one of seven tarsal bones. There are three groups of tarsal bones: Proximal group Intermediate group Distal group The medial cuneiform bone belongs to the distal group of tarsal bones. There are three cuneiform bones: Lateral cuneiform Intermediate cuneiform Medial cuneiform Anteriorly they articulate with the medial three metatarsals. Posteriorly they articulate with the navicular bone, and laterally they articulate with the cuboid bone. Learn more about the bones of the …

Medial Cuneiform Bone Read More »

medial cuneiform

Triquetral Bone

Triquetral Bone The structure indicated is the triquetral bone of the hand. There are three groups of bones in the hand: Carpal bones (8 in total) Metacarpal bones Phalanges The carpal bones are separated into two rows: Proximal row Distal row The triquetral bone is one of four bones in the proximal row of carpals (scaphoid, lunate, triquetral, pisiform). The triquetral bone is located medially in the hand and articulates with the pisiform bone, the hamate and lunate bones. On the medial aspect of the volar surface of the triquetral bone is a facet for articulation with the small pisiform …

Triquetral Bone Read More »

triquetral bone

Trapezoid Bone

Trapezoid Bone The structure indicated is the trapezoid bone of the hand. There are three groups of bones in the hand: Carpal bones (8 in total) Metacarpal bones Phalanges The carpal bones are separated into two rows: Proximal row Distal row The trapezoid bone is located in the distal row of carpal bones. There are four bones in the distal row: Trapezium Trapezoid Capitate Hamate It’s easy to confuse the location of the trapezoid with the adjacent and similarly named trapezium bone. A way to remember where the trapezium is located is that trapezi-UM rhymes with thUMB, and therefore articulates …

Trapezoid Bone Read More »

trapezoid bone

Intermediate Cuneiform

Intermediate Cuneiform The structure indicated is the intermediate cuneiform bone of the foot. The foot contains three groups of bones: Tarsals Metatarsals Phalanges The intermediate cuneiform bone is one of seven tarsal bones. There are three groups of tarsal bones: Proximal group Intermediate group Distal group The intermediate cuneiform bone belongs to the distal group of tarsal bones. There are three cuneiform bones: Lateral cuneiform Intermediate cuneiform Medial cuneiform Anteriorly they articulate with the medial three metatarsals. Posteriorly they articulate with the navicular bone, and laterally they articulate with the cuboid bone. Learn more about the bones of the foot in …

Intermediate Cuneiform Read More »

intermediate cuneiform

Lamina

Lamina The structure indicated is the lamina of the vertebra. The typical vertebra consists of the following features: Vertebral body Vertebral arch (neural arch) consisting of lamina and pedicle Spinous process Transverse process Vertebral foramen (collectively form vertebral canal) Superior and inferior articular processes Superior and inferior vertebral notches The vertebral arch is formed from two pedicles and two laminae. The pedicles attach on either side to the posterolateral aspects of the vertebral body and unite posteriorly with the laminae which complete the vertebral arch. The laminae provide attachment for the ligamentum flavum, which connect adjacent laminae along the length …

Lamina Read More »

lamina