Author: Dr Peter de Souza
Last modified: 27 November 2022

The rhomboid major muscle is one of the superficial muscles of the back. The superficial group of back muscles attach the axial skeleton to the upper part of the appendicular skeleton, and may also be referred to as the appendicular group of back muscles.

The superficial group of back muscles includes the following muscles:


  • Spinous processes of T2-5


  • Medial border of scapula: between spine and inferior angle


  • Retracts scapula
  • Elevates scapula


  • Dorsal scapular nerve: C4,C5

Blood Supply

Dorsal scapula artery