Trapezoid Bone

Author: Dr Peter de Souza
Last modified: 13 December 2020

Trapezoid Bone

The structure indicated is the trapezoid bone of the hand.

There are three groups of bones in the hand:

  1. Carpal bones (8 in total)
  2. Metacarpal bones
  3. Phalanges

The carpal bones are separated into two rows:

  1. Proximal row
  2. Distal row

The trapezoid bone is located in the distal row of carpal bones. There are four bones in the distal row:

  1. Trapezium
  2. Trapezoid
  3. Capitate
  4. Hamate

It’s easy to confuse the location of the trapezoid with the adjacent and similarly named trapezium bone. A way to remember where the trapezium is located is that trapezi-UM rhymes with thUMB, and therefore articulates with the 1st metacarpal of the thumb, the trapezoid bone lies just medial to it.

Learn more about the bones of the hand in this anatomy tutorial.