Greater Trochanter

Author: Dr Peter de Souza
Last modified: 13 December 2020

Greater Trochanter

The arrow is pointing to the greater trochanter of the femur.

The greater trochanter is a large quadrilateral eminence which forms the site of origin and insertion for several muscles:

Origins: vastus lateralis

Insertions: gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, obturator internus, piriformis

The greater trochanter has two surfaces:

  • Lateral
  • Medial

At the base of the greater trochanter is a deep depression known as the trochanteric fossa. Posteriorly is the intertrochanteric crest. The trochanteric fossa serves as the point of insertion for four muscles:

  • Obturator externus
  • Obturator internus
  • Superior gemellus
  • Inferior gemellus

The greater trochanter has four borders:

  • Superior
  • Inferior
  • Anterior
  • Posterior

Learn all about the muscles of the thigh in this tutorial.

Learn all about the features of the femur in this tutorial.