External Abdominal Oblique Muscle
The muscle indicated is the external oblique muscle of the abdomen
The external oblique muscle is the most superficial lateral muscle of the anterior abdominal wall. The three muscles which make up the lateral part of the anterior wall of the abdomen from superficial to deep are the:
- External oblique
- Internal oblique
- Transversus abdominis
: ribs 5-12 Insertion
: Iliac crest, pubic tubercle, linea alba Innervation
: thoracoabdominal nerve and subcostal nerve Action
: Flexion and rotation of the vertebral column – brings about contralateral rotation of the torso. Unilateral contraction causes lateral flexion of the vertebral column. Important in increasing intra-abdominal pressure.
of the external oblique muscle is important, as it forms the inguinal ligament
, which runs from the pubic tubercle
to the anterior superior iliac spine
. The ligament forms the base of the inguinal canal.
The fibres of the external abdominal oblique muscle are oriented inferiorly and anteriorly – the fibres of the internal oblique are oriented perpendicular, running superomedially.
Learn more about the anatomy of the external oblique muscle in this tutorial on the anterior abdominal wall