Opponens Digiti Minimi

Opponens Digiti Minimi

The structure indicated is the opponens digiti minimi muscle.

The opponens digiti minimi muscle is one of the intrinsic muscles of the hand that belongs to the hypothenar group.

The hypothenar group of intrinsic hand muscles consist of three muscles:

  • Abductor digiti minimi
  • Opponens digiti minimi
  • Flexor digit minimi brevis

All the intrinsic muscles of the hand, except the thenar muscles and the lateral two lumbrical muscles are innervated by the deep branch of the ulnar nerve. The thenar muscles and the lateral two lumbrical muscles are innervated by the median nerve.  A useful mnemonic for remembering this is MEATLOAF. “MEAT” refers to the Median nerve, and LOAF refers to the muscles which it innervates: Lateral two lumbricals, Opponens pollicis, Abductor pollicis brevis, Flexor pollicis brevis.

Origin: Hook of hamate and flexor retinaculum

Insertion: Medial border of 5th metacarpal

Innervation: Deep branch of ulnar nerve

Action: Laterally rotates and anteriorly draws 5th metacarpal to opposition with thumb

Learn all about the anatomy of the muscles of the hand in this tutorial.